Beaumont Primary Academy is a member of South Pennine Academies
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Beaumont Primary Academy

Reading and Writing in the Early Years   Foundation Stage



The skills children need to read and write begin at birth. Learning to communicate begins with eye contact, gestures, and vocal noises before developing into verbal exchanges and conversations. Good verbal communication makes it much easier to communicate in writing. Likewise, learning to read begins with recognising differences and similarities in faces, pictures and symbols.

We support reading development by:

  • daily self-registration
  • talking with each other
  • matching games and activities
  • daily reading and story sharing
  • acting stories out in role play and small world games
  • puppets and toys related to stories
  • using words and symbols in our environment, and talking about signs and symbols children see in the environment
  • a wide range of books available in continuous provision
  • phonics sessions (see above)
  • whole class and small group reading activities
  • lending library books for children to share at home
  • sending reading books home to practise, and inviting parents and carers to read a book with their child each morning

At Beaumont Primary Academy we use ‘Jolly Phonics’ to support letter recognition, and teach letter formation using letter families.  We use the ‘Rigby Star’ and ‘Oxford Reading Tree’ schemes, together with a wide range of ‘real’ books to teach reading.


        Image result for Oxford Reading Tree              Image result for Rigby star reading scheme

         Oxford Reading Tree scheme                                Rigby Star Reading scheme




In the EYFS we support children’s writing development by:

  • talking about experiences, feelings, ideas, play, things we have done and are going to do…
  • strengthening our arms and shoulders through climbing, digging, dancing and lots of other activities
  • developing our ‘fine’ motor skills (using fingers) through weaving, threading, manipulating playdoh, using tools such as scissors
  • planned movement and activities to develop muscle tone and vocabulary needed for writing (straight, curved, top, bottom, left, right, loops, circles, angles…)
  • activities to develop the control and pressure needed to use a pencil or pen
  • practising writing letters using correct formation
  • planned phonics activities to develop careful listening, awareness of rhyme and alliteration, letter recognition, identifying the sounds in words (segmenting), putting letters together to form words (blending), and writing practise
  • planned writing activities as a whole class and in groups covering sentence writing, different kinds of writing (labels, lists, invitations, instructions, stories…)
  • opportunities to practise writing skills through continuous provision on a daily basis
  • homework activities

Early Writing Development

Letter Formation

At Beaumont we teach children to form letters correctly from the outset so that they quickly become fluent writers. Each letter is introduced by the sound it makes, together with a ‘patter’ which children should say as they write to support formation. Once letters are taught, they are practised in ‘families’ of letters that are formed in similar ways.


a   start at the top, all the way round, up, down and flick

b   start at the top, straight down and around

c   round and stop

d   all the way round, up, up, down and flick

e   chop the egg, scoop it out

f   up, over, down, curl, and straight across

g   start at the top, all the way round, down, down and curl

h   start at the top, straight down, up and over and flick

i     start at the top, down and flick, and a dot

j     start at the top, straight down, curl, and a dot

k   start at the top, straight down, in and out

l     start at the top, straight down and flick

m   start at the top, down, up and over, up and over, and flick

n   start at the top, down, up and over, and flick

o   start at the top, all the way round and stop

p   start at the top, straight down, back up and around

q   all the way round, down, down and kick

r   start at the top, down, up and over and stop

s   curl around, across and back

t   start at the top, straight down and curl, and across

u   start at the top, down, under, up, down and flick

v   start at the top, across down, sharp angle, up

w   start at the top, zig zag zig zag

x   start at the top, across, across

y   down, under, up, down, down and curl

z   across, sharp angle, across




       At Beaumont, we use Letters and Sounds to teach phonics.

    Image result for letters and sounds

Please visit the Letters and Sounds Website to find games and activities to support your child.                                                                                      


         We use the Jolly Phonics actions  to support letter recognition                                           Image result for jolly phonics                          


          We use ‘Action Words’ to teach the Reception ‘High Frequency’ words.

                Image result for reception high frequency words                           


Ways to help at home:


There are lots of things you can do to help your child’s literacy skills from a very early age. You could:

  • play snap and pelmanism
  • complete simple jigsaws and puzzles together
  • encourage your child to spot familiar signs and logos, such as McDonald’s or Asda
  • talk about what you are doing together, and encourage your child to use sentences and appropriate words
  • get your child a library card and borrow books to share together. Children enjoy cuddling up and listening to stories long before they understand the words
  • visit the park and encourage your child to climb, swing and use their shoulders and arms when they play
  • provide crayons and large pieces of paper for your child to make marks, draw and ‘write’
  • play board games (this will help your child with maths and social skills as well as literacy)

Online Learning Resources


              Please click on the links below for useful online learning resources


Image result for oxford owl images         Oxford Owl


Hairy Letters            Image result for hairy letters


Image result for crickweb maths      Crick Web - Maths and English


     Galactic Phonics  Image result for galactic phonics


    Image result for ABC Does        ABC Does